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Between the Immigration and Nationality Act of 19, an estimated total of 0.8 to 0.9 million Africans immigrated to the United States, accounting for roughly 3.3% of all total U. They include peoples from different national, linguistic, ethnic, racial, cultural and social backgrounds.As such, African immigrants are distinct from African Americans, many of whose ancestors were involuntarily brought from West Africa to the United States by means of the historic Atlantic slave trade.(The number was increased to 1,400 under the 1952 Mc Carran-Walter Act.) The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (also known as the Hart-Cellar Act) repealed the national quotas and subsequently there was a substantial increase in the number of immigrants from "developing" countries, particularly in Africa and Asia.This act also provided a separate category for refugees.African immigration to the United States refers to immigrants to the United States who are or were nationals of modern African countries.The term African in the scope of this article refers to geographical or national origins rather than racial affiliation. English (African English, American English), Arabic, Igbo, Yoruba, Akan, Lingala, French, Wolof, Swahili, Amharic, Somali, Tigrinya, Berber, Afrikaans, Hausa, Portuguese, Cape Verdean Crioulo, Spanish, others African immigrants in the United States come from almost all regions in Africa and do not constitute a homogeneous group.
This has led to a severe brain drain on the economies of African countries due to many skilled hard working Africans leaving Africa to seek their economic fortunes in the US mainly and elsewhere.Several laws enforcing national origins quotas on American immigration were enacted between 19 and were in effect until they were repealed in 1965.While the laws were aimed at restricting the immigration of Jews and Catholics from Central and Eastern Europe and immigration from Asia, they also impacted African immigrants.In the 1870s, the Naturalization Act was extended to allow "aliens, being free white persons and to aliens of African nativity and to persons of African descent" to acquire citizenship.Immigration from Africa was theoretically permitted, unlike non-white immigration from Asia.